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Table 1 Patient characteristics and clinical presentation in 70 cases of hematogenous vertebral osteomyelitis

From: The epidemiology of hematogenous vertebral osteomyelitis: a cohort study in a tertiary care hospital

Variable n (%)
Age (mean, ± standard deviation), years 59.7 (±15.0)
Male gender 38 (54%)
Caucasian race 44 (63%)
Body mass index (median, range), kg/m2 27.2 (13.4-80.6)
Transfer from outside hospital 31 (44%)
Comorbidities  
   Diabetes mellitus 30 (43%)
   Degenerative joint disease 30 (43%)
   Renal insufficiency (serum-creatinine > 2 mg/dl) 17 (24%)
   History of spinal injury 12 (17%)
   History of spinal surgery (>1 year ago) 10 (14%)
   HIV infection 1 (1%)
   Malignancy 1 (1%)
   Solid organ transplant/Bone marrow transplant 1 (1%)
Procedures or infections in prior month  
   Urinary tract infection 14 (20%)
   Indwelling catheter 21 (30%)
   Bacteremia 13 (19%)
   Skin or soft tissue infection 12 (17%)
   Pneumonia 7 (10%)
   Colonoscopy 2 (3%)
   Dental procedure 2 (3%)
Reported symptoms  
   Back pain 61 (87%)
   Weakness 39 (56%)
   Fever 32 (46%)
   Radicular pain 24 (34%)
   Sensory loss 20 (29%)
   Weight loss 14 (20%)
   Stool or urine incontinence 9 (13%)
Physical findings  
   Decreased deep tendon reflexes 46 (70%)
   Impaired motor strength 40 (60%)
   Sensory deficit 29 (44%)
   Decreased rectal tone* 10 (14%)
   Positive Babinski's sign 9 (13%)
  1. NOTE. Data are presented as number (% of total) of cases, unless otherwise indicated. * Data available for 33 patients