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Table 2 Characteristics of all patients with and without BSI

From: Infection Probability Score, APACHE II and KARNOFSKY scoring systems as predictors of bloodstream infection onset in hematology-oncology patients

Variable BSI
N = 17
Non BSI
N = 85
p value
Gender
   Male 3 (17.6%) 50 (57.7%) 0.004
   Female 14 (82.3%) 35 (41.2%)  
Age 49.50 ± 14.62 54.01 ± 1.22 0.293
Length of stay 41.56 ± 20.05 17.81 ± 13.27 < 0.001
Duration of neutropenia 21.06 ± 8.33 5,07 ± 8,32 < 0.001
Karnofsky score 77.50 ± 16.93 81.40 ± 11.99 0.390
IPS score 11.06 ± 5.10 6.59 ± 6.41 0.010
Apache score 12.19 ± 4.60 12.38 ± 4.38 0.876
Neutropenia 16 (94.1%) 31 (36.5%) < 0.001
Underlying disease
   Infection at admission 2 (11.7%) 23 (27.1%) 0.187
   Diabetes 1 (5.9%) 6 (7.1%) 0.698
Underling malignancy
   Acute myeloid leukemia 13 (76.5%) 22 (25.9%) < 0.001
   Acute lymphocytic leukemia 4 (23.5%) 12 (14.1%) 0.221
Exposure to antibiotics 15 (88.2%) 61 (77.7%) 0.045
Exposure to chemotherapy 13 (76.5%) 44 (51.7%) 0.023
Corticosteroid therapy 3 (17.6%) 37 (43.5%) 0.057
Surgery procedure 3 (17.6%) 3 (3.5%) 0.048
Bronchoscopy 1 (5.9%) 3 (3.5%) 0.500
Gastroscopy 1 (5.9%) 6 (7.1%) 0.698
Parenteral nutrition 1 (5.9%) 1 (1.2%) 0.290
Bladder catheter 2 (11.7%) 7 (8.2%) 0.429
CVC 2 (11.7%) 2 (2.3%) 0.115
Hickman catheter 6 (35.3%) 11 (12.9%) 0.025
Peripheral venous catheter 12 (70.60%) 77 (90.6%) 0.119
Death 1 (5.9%) 7 (8.2%) 0.634