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Table 2 Sexual partners' characteristics as risk factors for serological STIs

From: The burden and risk factors of Sexually Transmitted Infections and Reproductive Tract Infections among pregnant women in Zimbabwe

Risk factors Serologic STI Positive Serologic STI negative Unadjusted odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)
Partner has penile discharge n = 301 n = 286   
No 288 (51) 282 (49) 1  
Yes 13 (76) 4 (24) 3.18 (1.03-9.88) 2.74 (0.70-10.75)
Partner has genital ulcers n = 301 n = 302   
No 280 (50) 279 (50) 1  
Yes 21 (78) 6 (22) 3.49 (1.39-8.77) 2.22 (0.82-6.0)
Partner takes alcohol n = 304 n = 287   
No 122 (44) 156 (56) 1  
Yes 182 (58) 131 (42) 1.78 (1.26-2.49) 1.16 (1.01-1.33)
Violent partner n = 310 n = 290   
No 188 (48) 200 (52) 1  
Yes 122 (58) 90 (42) 1.44 (1.02-2.02) 1.14 (0.78-1.65)
Number of lifetime sexual partners n = 319 n = 300   
One only 203 (45) 245 (55) 1  
More than one 116 (68) 55 (32) 2.55 (1.76-3.69) 1.92 (1.21-3.06)
Children have different paternity n = 305 n = 281   
No 236 (48) 258 (52) 1  
Yes 69 (75) 23 (25) 3.28 (1.98-5.43) 1.94 (1.04-3.62)
Sexual partners in the past year n = 318 n = 300   
One only 304 (51) 297 (49) 1  
More than one 14 (82) 3 (18) 4.55 (1.29-16.02) 1.66 (0.41-6.73)
  1. Serologically tested STIs positive was the outcome in multivariate analysis