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Table 4 Blood feeding preferences of Anopheles species at the different study sites of the altitudinal transect

From: Bionomics of Anopheline species and malaria transmission dynamics along an altitudinal transect in Western Cameroon

  Blood meal sources at the study sites of the altitudinal transect a  
Vertebrate hosts Santchou (750 m) Dschang (1400 m) Djuttitsa (1965 m) Overall study sites (%)
Human 275
(5 f + 270 g)
73
(4 f + 69 g)
11
(9 g + 2 h)
359 (92.5%)
(9 f + 348 g + 2 h)
Chicken 5
(1 f + 4 g)
5
(2 f + 3 g)
2
(g)
12 (3.1%)
(3 f + 9 g)
Pig 3
(3 g)
3
(1 f + 2 g)
0 6 (1.5%)
(1 f + 5 g)
Horse 0 2
(1 g + 1 h)
3
(2 g + 1 h)
5 (1.3%)
(3 g + 2 h)
Ovine 0 2
(2 g)
1
(g)
3 (0.8%)
(3 g)
Bovine 0 0 2
(g)
2
(0.5%)
(2 g)
Dog 0 0 0 0
Mixte (Chicken+Human) 1
(g)
0 0 1 (0.3%)
(g)
Total number of blood meals tested 284
(6 f + 278 g)
85
(7 f + 77 g + 1 h)
19
(16 g + 3 h)
388
(13 f + 371 g + 4 h)
Human blood rate (HR) b × 100 96.8% 85.9% 57.9% 92.5%
  1. a The numbers in brackets indicate the distribution of blood meals among the different anopheline species (f: blood meals of An. funestus; g: blood meals of An. gambiae; h : blood meals of An. hancocki)
  2. b The human blood rate (HR) expressed as the ratio of blood meals from humans to the total blood samples examined with ELISA.