Skip to main content

Table 2 Demographic, clinical characteristics and laboratory findings on admission of the 208 scrub typhus patients

From: Clinical and laboratory findings associated with severe scrub typhus

Characteristics Severe scrub typhus (n = 89) Non-severe scrub typhus (n = 119)
Demographic data   
   Age, mean years ± SD* 68.56 ± 11.1 57.32 ± 15.7
   Gender, no. of male/no. of female (% of male) 28/61(31.5) 43/76(36.1)
   Duration of illness before admission, days 8.13 ± 5.4 6.95 ± 3.7
   Length of hospitalization, mean days ± SD* 11.5 ± 9.6 7.21 ± 2.8
   Mean duration from disease onset to effective antibiotic therapy (days) 8.34 ± 5.1 7.11 ± 3.7
Underlying diseases (Diabetes, Liver cirrhosis, COPD) 6(6.8%) 4(3.3%)
Clinical symptoms and signs   
   Headache, no. (%) of patients 74 (83.1) 109 (91.6)
   Myalgia, no. (%) of patients 66 (74.2) 95(79.8)
   Skin rash, no. (%) of patients 78(87.6) 111 (93.3)
   Eschar, no.(%) of patients* 77 (86.5) 117 (98.3)
Laboratory values   
   WBC count (no. of cells × 1, 000/mm3) * 9.4 ± 4.3 6.6 ± 3.1
   Hemoglobin (g/dL) * 12.0 ± 1.8 12.7 ± 1.3
   Platelet count (no. of cells × 1, 000/mm3) 149.31 ± 77.3 153.7 ± 72.9
   AST (IU/L) 100.9 ± 70.0 104.1 ± 86.8
   ALT (IU/L) 75.0 ± 74.4 91.2 ± 86.5
   ALP (U/L) 136.4 ± 120.0 118.5 ± 87.1
   Bilirubin (mg/dL) 1.0 ± 1.0 0.8 ± 0.6
   Albumin (g/dL) * 3.3 ± 0.6 3.8 ± 0.5
   LDH (U/L) 818.5 ± 240.1 874.3 ± 264.2
   CPK (U/L) 232.3 ± 609.5 263.5 ± 698.5
   ADA (IU/L) 83.6 ± 24.9 79.6 ± 24.7
   Serum creatinine (mg/dL) * 1.5 ± 0.9 1.0 ± 0.2
   Fibrinogen (mg/dL) * 309.2 ± 97.4 348.2 ± 90.4
   CRP (mg/dL) * 10.5 ± 5.0 8.1 ± 5.6
   ESR (mm/hr) 19.4 ± 17.7 7.0 ± 15.0
   PT (sec) 12.2 ± 1.0 12.3 ± 1.3
   aPTT (sec) * 32.6 ± 5.8 30.5 ± 4.6
  1. Values are mean ± SD.
  2. * There was significant difference in baseline characteristics between the two groups (P < .05).
  3. AST = aspartate aminotransferase; ALT = alanine aminotransferase; LDH = Lactate dehydrogenase; CPK = Creatine Kinase; ADA = adenosine deaminase; CRP = C-reactive protein; COPD = Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease