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  1. Research article

    Risk factors, person, place and time characteristics associated with Hepatitis E Virus outbreak in Napak District, Uganda

    Hepatitis E is self-limiting, but can cause death in most at risk groups like pregnant women and those with preexisting acute liver disease. In developing countries it presents as epidemic, in 2014 Hepatitis E...

    Geofrey Amanya, Samuel Kizito, Immaculate Nabukenya, Joan Kalyango, Collins Atuheire, Hellen Nansumba, Stephen Akena Abwoye, Denis Nixon Opio, Edrisa Kibuuka and Charles Karamagi

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:451

    Published on: 26 June 2017

  2. Research article

    The role of Enterococcus spp. and multidrug-resistant bacteria causing pyogenic liver abscesses

    Pyogenic liver abscesses (PLA) remain a significant clinical problem. Unfortunately, little is known about current bacterial susceptibility profiles and the incidence of multidrug resistant organisms (MDROs) c...

    Marcus M. Mücke, Johanna Kessel, Victoria T. Mücke, Katharina Schwarzkopf, Michael Hogardt, Christoph Stephan, Stefan Zeuzem, Volkhard A. J. Kempf and Christian M. Lange

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:450

    Published on: 26 June 2017

  3. Research article

    SOFIA®RSV: prospective laboratory evaluation and implementation of a rapid diagnostic test in a pediatric emergency ward

    Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is responsible for severe respiratory infections and higher costs in medical care. The two aims of this work were to assess the performances of SOFIA®RSV tests in “real-life-labo...

    Léa C. Tran, Céline Tournus, Julia Dina, Rémy Morello, Jacques Brouard and Astrid Vabret

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:452

    Published on: 26 June 2017

  4. Research article

    Treatment delay and fatal outcomes of pulmonary tuberculosis in advanced age: a retrospective nationwide cohort study

    Studies focusing on pulmonary tuberculosis in advanced age (≥80 years) are lacking. This study aimed to explore treatment delay, outcomes and their predictors in this group.

    Chih-Hsin Lee, Jann-Yuan Wang, Hsien-Chun Lin, Pai-Yang Lin, Jer-Hwa Chang, Chi-Won Suk, Li-Na Lee, Chou-Chin Lan and Kuan-Jen Bai

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:449

    Published on: 24 June 2017

  5. Erratum

    Erratum to: Trends in antimicrobial resistance and empiric antibiotic therapy of bloodstream infections at a general hospital in mid-Norway: a prospective observational study

    Arne Mehl, Bjørn Olav Åsvold, Angela Kümmel, Stian Lydersen, Julie Paulsen, Ingvild Haugan, Erik Solligård, Jan Kristian Damås, Stig Harthug and Tom-Harald Edna

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:446

    Published on: 23 June 2017

    The original article was published in BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:116

  6. Research article

    Poorer outcomes among cancer patients diagnosed with Clostridium difficile infections in United States community hospitals

    Cancer predisposes patients to Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) due to health care exposures and medications that disrupt the gut microbiota or reduce immune response. Despite this association, the national ...

    Andrew Delgado, Ivan A. Reveles, Felicia T. Cabello and Kelly R. Reveles

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:448

    Published on: 23 June 2017

  7. Study protocol

    Comparing self- and provider-collected swabbing for HPV DNA testing in female-to-male transgender adult patients: a mixed-methods biobehavioral study protocol

    Cervical cancer, nearly all cases of which are caused by one of several high-risk strains of the human papillomavirus (hr-HPV), leads to significant morbidity and mortality in individuals with a cervix. Trans ...

    Sari L. Reisner, Madeline B. Deutsch, Sarah M. Peitzmeier, Jaclyn M. White Hughto, Timothy Cavanaugh, Dana J. Pardee, Sarah McLean, Elliot J. Marrow, Matthew J. Mimiaga, Lori Panther, Marcy Gelman, Jamison Green and Jennifer Potter

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:444

    Published on: 23 June 2017

  8. Research article

    Socioeconomic status is associated with symptom severity and sickness absence in people with infectious intestinal disease in the UK

    The burden of infectious intestinal disease (IID) in the UK is substantial. Negative consequences including sickness absence are common, but little is known about the social patterning of these outcomes, or th...

    Tanith C. Rose, Natalie L. Adams, Benjamin Barr, Jeremy Hawker, Sarah J. O’Brien, Mara Violato, Margaret Whitehead and David C. Taylor-Robinson

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:447

    Published on: 23 June 2017

  9. Research article

    Microbiota-dependent metabolite and cardiovascular disease marker trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) is associated with monocyte activation but not platelet function in untreated HIV infection

    HIV infection is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease beyond that explained by traditional risk factors. Altered gut microbiota, microbial translocation, and immune activation have been pro...

    Judith M. Haissman, Anna K. Haugaard, Sisse R. Ostrowski, Rolf K. Berge, Johannes R. Hov, Marius Trøseid and Susanne D. Nielsen

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:445

    Published on: 23 June 2017

  10. Research article

    Haemoglobin changes and risk of anaemia following treatment for uncomplicated falciparum malaria in sub-Saharan Africa

    Anaemia is common in malaria. It is important to quantitate the risk of anaemia and to distinguish factors related to the natural history of disease from potential drug toxicity.

    Julien Zwang, Umberto D’Alessandro, Jean-Louis Ndiaye, Abdoulaye A Djimdé, Grant Dorsey, Andreas A Mårtensson, Corine Karema and Piero L. Olliaro

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:443

    Published on: 23 June 2017

  11. Case report

    A case report of septic shock syndrome caused by S. pneumoniae in an immunocompromised patient despite of vaccination

    We report a case of septic shock syndrome caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae in a patient who had undergone splenectomy due to an autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS), which is characterized as a dysfun...

    Josef Singer, Christoph Testori, Peter Schellongowski, Ammon Handisurya, Catharina Müller, Eva-Maria Reitter, Wolfgang Graninger, Paul Knöbl, Thomas Staudinger, Stefan Winkler and Florian Thalhammer

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:442

    Published on: 22 June 2017

  12. Research article

    Clinical characteristics of acute hepatitis A outbreak in Taiwan, 2015–2016: observations from a tertiary medical center

    Acute hepatitis A is a fecal-oral transmitted disease related to inadequate sanitary conditions. In addition to its traditional classification, several outbreaks in the men who have sex with men (MSM) populati...

    Nan-Yu Chen, Zhuo-Hao Liu, Shian-Sen Shie, Tsung-Hsing Chen and Ting-Shu Wu

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:441

    Published on: 20 June 2017

  13. Case report

    Fusobacterial liver abscess: a case report and review of the literature

    Fusobacteriae are facultative anaerobic gram-negative bacilli which cause a range of invasive infections, amongst which pyogenic liver abscesses are rare. We describe a case of Fusobacterium nucleatum liver ab...

    Dilip Jayasimhan, Linus Wu and Paul Huggan

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:440

    Published on: 20 June 2017

  14. Research article

    MSM HIV testing following an online testing intervention in China

    Scaling up HIV testing is the first step in the HIV treatment continuum which is important for controlling the HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men (MSM). Following an online HIV testing intervention a...

    Ngai Sze Wong, Weiming Tang, Larry Han, John Best, Ye Zhang, Shujie Huang, Heping Zheng, Bin Yang, Chongyi Wei, Stephen W. Pan and Joseph D. Tucker

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:437

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  15. Research article

    Development and validation of a prognostic scoring model for Mycobacterium avium complex lung disease: an observational cohort study

    Patients with Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) lung disease (LD) have a heterogeneous prognosis. This study aimed to develop and validate a prognostic scoring model for these patients using independent risk fact...

    Shogo Kumagai, Akihiro Ito, Toru Hashimoto, Satoshi Marumo, Hironobu Tokumasu, Aya Kotani, Haruka Yamaki, Masahiro Shirata, Koji Furuuchi, Motonari Fukui and Tadashi Ishida

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:436

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  16. Study protocol

    Efficacy of ultra-short course chemotherapy for new smear positive drug susceptible pulmonary tuberculosis: study protocol of a multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial

    Shortening the standard 6-month treatment for drug-susceptible pulmonary tuberculosis (DS-PTB) would be a major improvement for TB case management and disease control.

    Mengqiu Gao, Jingtao Gao, Jian Du, Yuhong Liu, Yao Zhang, Liping Ma, Fengling Mi, Liang Li and Shenjie Tang

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:435

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  17. Research article

    Early experiences from one of the first treatment programs for chronic hepatitis B in sub-Saharan Africa

    Treatment for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is virtually absent in sub-Saharan Africa. Here we present early experiences from a pilot program for treatment of CHB in Ethiopia.

    Hanna Aberra, Hailemichael Desalegn, Nega Berhe, Girmay Medhin, Kathrine Stene-Johansen, Svein Gunnar Gundersen and Asgeir Johannessen

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:438

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  18. Research article

    Antiretroviral therapy initiation within seven days of enrolment: outcomes and time to undetectable viral load among children at an urban HIV clinic in Uganda

    Viral suppression is a critical indicator of HIV treatment success. In the era of test-and-start, little is known about treatment outcomes and time to undetectable viral loads. This study compares treatment ou...

    Rogers Ssebunya, Rhoda K. Wanyenze, Heather Lukolyo, Milton Mutto, Grace Kisitu, Pauline Amuge, Albert Maganda and Adeodata Kekitiinwa

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:439

    Published on: 19 June 2017

  19. Research article

    Peripheral venous catheter-related bloodstream infection is associated with severe complications and potential death: a retrospective observational study

    The purpose of this study was to identify the clinical characteristics and outcomes of peripheral vascular catheter-related bloodstream infections (PVC-BSIs) and determine the risk of severe complications or d...

    Akihiro Sato, Itaru Nakamura, Hiroaki Fujita, Ayaka Tsukimori, Takehito Kobayashi, Shinji Fukushima, Takeshi Fujii and Tetsuya Matsumoto

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:434

    Published on: 17 June 2017

  20. Research article

    Treatment decisions and mortality in HIV-positive presumptive smear-negative TB in the Xpert™ MTB/RIF era: a cohort study

    The Xpert™ MTB/RIF (XP) has a higher sensitivity than sputum smear microscopy (70% versus 35%) for TB diagnosis and has been endorsed by the WHO for TB high burden countries to increase case finding among HIV ...

    Sabine M. Hermans, Juliet A. Babirye, Olive Mbabazi, Francis Kakooza, Robert Colebunders, Barbara Castelnuovo, Christine Sekaggya-Wiltshire, Rosalind Parkes-Ratanshi and Yukari C. Manabe

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:433

    Published on: 16 June 2017

  21. Research article

    Patterns of antimicrobial resistance in intensive care unit patients: a study in Vietnam

    Antimicrobial resistance has emerged as a major concern in developing countries. The present study sought to define the pattern of antimicrobial resistance in ICU patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia.

    Giang M. Tran, Thao P. Ho-Le, Duc T. Ha, Chau H. Tran-Nguyen, Tuyet S. M. Nguyen, Thao T. N. Pham, Tuyet A. Nguyen, Dung A. Nguyen, Hoa Q. Hoang, Ngoc V. Tran and Tuan V. Nguyen

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:429

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  22. Research article

    Assessing changes in knowledge, attitude and practices on dengue diagnosis and management among primary care physicians after the largest dengue epidemic in Singapore

    Dengue results in high morbidity and mortality globally. The knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of dengue management, including diagnosis, among primary care physicians (PCPs) are important to reduce deng...

    Junxiong Pang, Zoe Jane-Lara Hildon, Tun Linn Thein, Jing Jin and Yee Sin Leo

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:428

    Published on: 15 June 2017

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