Bacterial and fungal diseases

Section edited by Ivan FN Hung and Jorge Garbino

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of the prevention, diagnosis and management of bacterial and fungal diseases in humans, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology. This section includes studies relating to antibiotic resistance and healthcare-associated infections.

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  1. Research article

    Evaluation of the enhanced meningitis surveillance system, Yendi municipality, northern Ghana, 2010–2015

    Meningitis is the inflammation of the meninges of the brain and or spinal cord. Global mortality rates vary from 2% to 30%. Epidemic meningitis remains a public health concern along the meningitis belt of Afri...

    Basil Benduri Kaburi, Chrysantus Kubio, Ernest Kenu, Kofi Mensah Nyarko, Jacob Yakubu Mahama, Samuel Oko Sackey and Edwin Andrew Afari

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:306

    Published on: 24 April 2017

  2. Research article

    Accuracy of serum procalcitonin for the diagnosis of sepsis in neonates and children with systemic inflammatory syndrome: a meta-analysis

    A number of biomarkers have been studied for the diagnosis of sepsis in paediatrics, but no gold standard has been identified. Procalcitonin (PCT) was demonstrated to be an accurate biomarker for the diagnosis...

    Giuseppe Pontrelli, Franco De Crescenzo, Roberto Buzzetti, Alessandro Jenkner, Sara Balduzzi, Francesca Calò Carducci, Donato Amodio, Maia De Luca, Sara Chiurchiù, Elin Haf Davies, Giorgia Copponi, Alessandra Simonetti, Elena Ferretti, Valeria Di Franco, Virginia Rasi, Martina Della Corte…

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:302

    Published on: 24 April 2017

  3. Research article

    Infectious agents is a risk factor for myxomatous mitral valve degeneration: A case control study

    The etiology of myxomatous mitral valve degeneration (MVD) is not fully understood and may depend on time or environmental factors for which the interaction of infectious agents has not been documented. The pu...

    Marcos Gradim Tiveron, Pablo Maria Alberto Pomerantzeff, Maria de Lourdes Higuchi, Marcia Martins Reis, Jaqueline de Jesus Pereira, Joyce Tieko Kawakami, Renata Nishiyama Ikegami, Carlos Manuel de Almeida Brandao and Fabio Biscegli Jatene

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:297

    Published on: 21 April 2017

  4. Case report

    Unique case report of a chromomycosis and Listeria in soft tissue and cerebellar abscesses after kidney transplantation

    Chromomycosis is a rare mycotic infection encountered in tropical and subtropical regions. The disease presents as a slowly-evolving nodule that can become infected with bacteria. Here, we describe a unique as...

    J. Tourret, N. Benabdellah, S. Drouin, F. Charlotte, J. Rottembourg, N. Arzouk, A. Fekkar and B. Barrou

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:288

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  5. Research article

    Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in beef cattle at slaughter and beef carcasses at retail shops in Ethiopia

    There is paucity of information regarding the epidemiology of Escherichia coli O157: H7 in developing countries. In this study, we investigated the occurrence of E. coli O157: H7 associated with beef cattle at pr...

    Rosa Abdissa, Woynshet Haile, Akafete Teklu Fite, Ashenafi Feyisa Beyi, Getahun E. Agga, Bedaso Mammo Edao, Fanos Tadesse, Mesula Geloye Korsa, Takele Beyene, Tariku Jibat Beyene, Lieven De Zutter, Eric Cox and Bruno Maria Goddeeris

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:277

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  6. Research article

    Isolation of enterococci, their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and associated factors among patients attending at the University of Gondar Teaching Hospital

    Enterococci become clinically important especially in immune compromised patients and important causes of nosocomial infections. Data on the prevalence, antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and associated fac...

    Amelework Yilema, Feleke Moges, Sisay Tadele, Mengistu Endris, Afework Kassu, Wondwossen Abebe and Getnet Ayalew

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:276

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  7. Research article

    Detection of CTX-M-15 beta-lactamases in Enterobacteriaceae causing hospital- and community-acquired urinary tract infections as early as 2004, in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

    The spread of Extended Spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) among Enterobacteriaceae and other Gram-Negative pathogens in the community and hospitals represents a major challenge to combat infections. We conducted a stu...

    Joel Manyahi, Sabrina J. Moyo, Marit Gjerde Tellevik, Faustine Ndugulile, Willy Urassa, Bjørn Blomberg and Nina Langeland

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:282

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  8. Research article

    Carbapenem resistance, inappropriate empiric treatment and outcomes among patients hospitalized with Enterobacteriaceae urinary tract infection, pneumonia and sepsis

    Drug resistance among gram-negative pathogens is a risk factor for inappropriate empiric treatment (IET), which in turn increases the risk for mortality. We explored the impact of carbapenem-resistant Enteroba...

    Marya D. Zilberberg, Brian H. Nathanson, Kate Sulham, Weihong Fan and Andrew F. Shorr

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:279

    Published on: 17 April 2017

  9. Case report

    Acute-phase diagnosis of murine and scrub typhus in Belgian travelers by polymerase chain reaction: a case report

    Rickettsiosis is a potential life threatening infectious disease in travelers. Clinical recognition is not always straightforward, as typical manifestations such as rash and/or eschar may be absent. Definite d...

    Caroline Theunissen, Lieselotte Cnops, Marjan Van Esbroeck, Ralph Huits and Emmanuel Bottieau

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:273

    Published on: 13 April 2017

  10. Case report

    Detection of high serum levels of β-D-Glucan in disseminated nocardial infection: a case report

    β-D-glucan (BDG) is a helpful diagnostic marker for many invasive fungal infections, but not for nocardiosis. Here, we reported the first case of nocardial infection with high serum level of BDG.

    Toyomitsu Sawai, Takumi Nakao, Shota Yamaguchi, Sumako Yoshioka, Nobuko Matsuo, Naofumi Suyama, Katsunori Yanagihara and Hiroshi Mukae

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:272

    Published on: 13 April 2017

  11. Research article

    Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection and the molecular characteristics of MRSA bacteraemia over a two-year period in a tertiary teaching hospital in Malaysia

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an established pathogen that causes hospital- and community-acquired infections worldwide. The prevalence rate of MRSA infections were reported to be the high...

    Pik San Sit, Cindy Shuan Ju Teh, Nuryana Idris, I-Ching Sam, Sharifah Faridah Syed Omar, Helmi Sulaiman, Kwai Lin Thong, Adeeba Kamarulzaman and Sasheela Ponnampalavanar

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:274

    Published on: 13 April 2017

  12. Research article

    Measuring (1,3)-β-D-glucan in tracheal aspirate, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, and serum for detection of suspected Candida pneumonia in immunocompromised and critically ill patients: a prospective observational study

    While Candida pneumonia is life-threatening, biomarker measurements to early detect suspected Candida pneumonia are lacking. This study compared the diagnostic values of measuring levels of (1, 3)-β-D-glucan in e...

    Kang-Cheng Su, Kun-Ta Chou, Yi-Han Hsiao, Ching-Min Tseng, Vincent Yi-Fong Su, Yu-Chin Lee, Diahn-Warng Perng and Yu Ru Kou

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:252

    Published on: 8 April 2017

  13. Research article

    Prevalence of group a streptococcus pharyngeal carriage and clinical manifestations in school children aged 5–15 yrs in Wakiso District, Uganda

    Beta-hemolytic streptococci carrier rates in children living in low-income countries are high ranging from 10 to 50%. Although most of these children are asymptomatic, they are a reservoir and pose a risk of t...

    Irene Nayiga, Emmy Okello, Peter Lwabi and Grace Ndeezi

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:248

    Published on: 5 April 2017

  14. Research article

    Acute focal bacterial nephritis is associated with invasive diagnostic procedures - a cohort of 138 cases extracted through a systematic review

    Acute focal bacterial nephritis (AFBN) is a rare disease currently described only in case reports and small case series. In this study we summarize the clinical features of AFBN as has been documented in the l...

    Nadine Sieger, Iason Kyriazis, Alexander Schaudinn, Panagiotis Kallidonis, Jochen Neuhaus, Evangelos N. Liatsikos, Roman Ganzer and Jens-Uwe Stolzenburg

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:240

    Published on: 4 April 2017

  15. Research article

    Enterobacteriaceae producing extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) colonization as a risk factor for developing ESBL infections in pediatric cardiac surgery patients: “retrospective cohort study”

    Children with cardiac defects need many hospitalizations and repetitive antibiotic therapies, with an increasing risk of colonization with multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDRB) such as extended-spectrum β-lactam...

    Amine Cheikh, Bouchra Belefquih, Younes Chajai, Younes Cheikhaoui, Amine El Hassani and Amina Benouda

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:237

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  16. Research article

    Comparison of two commercial broad-range PCR and sequencing assays for identification of bacteria in culture-negative clinical samples

    Culturing has long been the gold standard for detecting aetiologic agents in bacterial infections. In some cases, however, culturing fails to detect the infection. To further investigate culture-negative sampl...

    Camilla Stavnsbjerg, Niels Frimodt-Møller, Claus Moser and Thomas Bjarnsholt

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:233

    Published on: 27 March 2017

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