Bacterial and fungal diseases

Section edited by Ivan FN Hung and Jorge Garbino

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of the prevention, diagnosis and management of bacterial and fungal diseases in humans, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology. This section includes studies relating to antibiotic resistance and healthcare-associated infections.

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  1. Case report

    Leuconostoc mesenteroides periprosthetic knee infection, an unusual fastidious Gram-positive bacteria: a case report

    Periprosthetic joint infections are mainly caused by Gram-positive cocci. Leuconostoc mesenteroides is a rare microorganism mainly causing bloodstream infections. At times, it might be confused with another type ...

    Rafael Franco-Cendejas, Claudia A. Colín-Castro, Melissa Hernández-Durán, Luis E. López-Jácome, Silvestre Ortega-Peña, Guillermo Cerón-González, Samuel Vanegas-Rodríguez, Jaime A. Mondragón-Eguiluz and Eduardo Acosta-Rodríguez

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:227

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  2. Research article

    Burden and spectrum of bacterial infections among sickle cell disease children living in Cameroon

    Although sickle cell disease (SCD) children are highly susceptible to bacterial infections (BIs), there is a dreadful lack of data related to the burden and spectrum of BIs in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), the hig...

    Anastasie Nicole Alima Yanda, Jobert Richie N. Nansseu, Hubert Désiré Mbassi Awa, Sandra A. Tatah, Judith Seungue, Charlotte Eposse and Paul Olivier N. Koki

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:211

    Published on: 15 March 2017

  3. Research article

    Is Bulpa criteria suitable for the diagnosis of probable invasive pulmonary Aspergillosis in critically ill patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease? A comparative study with EORTC/ MSG and ICU criteria

    Three diagnostic criteria have been proposed used for invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) diagnosis, namely EORTC/ MSG criteria, Bulpa criteria and intensive care unit (ICU) criteria. The Bulpa criteria wer...

    Linna Huang, Hangyong He, Jingjing Jin and Qingyuan Zhan

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:209

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  4. Research article

    Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in high-risk haematological patients: factors favouring spread, risk factors and outcome of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteremias

    Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) spread and infections in patients with haematological malignancies are a serious concern especially in endemic areas. Treatment failures and delay in appropriate ...

    Alessandra Micozzi, Giuseppe Gentile, Clara Minotti, Claudio Cartoni, Saveria Capria, Daniele Ballarò, Stefania Santilli, Emanuele Pacetti, Sara Grammatico, Giampaolo Bucaneve and Robin Foà

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:203

    Published on: 10 March 2017

  5. Research article

    Acute dental infections managed in an outpatient parenteral antibiotic program setting: prospective analysis and public health implications

    The number of Acute Dental Infections (ADI) presenting for emergency department (ED) care are steadily increasing. Outpatient Parenteral Antibiotic Therapy (OPAT) programs are increasingly utilized as an alter...

    William J. Connors, Heidi H. Rabie, Rafael L. Figueiredo, Donna L. Holton and Michael D. Parkins

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:202

    Published on: 9 March 2017

  6. Research article

    Antimicrobial susceptibilities of aerobic and facultative gram-negative bacilli isolated from Chinese patients with urinary tract infections between 2010 and 2014

    The objective of this study was to investigate the distribution and susceptibility of aerobic and facultative Gram-negative bacilli isolated from Chinese patients with UTIs collected within 48 h (community acq...

    Qiwen Yang, Hui Zhang, Yao Wang, Zhipeng Xu, Ge Zhang, Xinxin Chen, Yingchun Xu, Bin Cao, Haishen Kong, Yuxing Ni, Yunsong Yu, Ziyong Sun, Bijie Hu, Wenxiang Huang, Yong Wang, Anhua Wu…

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:192

    Published on: 6 March 2017

  7. Case report

    Case report: two human Streptococcus suis infections in Borneo, Sabah, Malaysia

    Streptococcus Suis (S.suis) is increasingly being recognised as a potentially preventable emerging zoonotic infection in humans with a global distribution. It is a major cause of menin...

    Giri Shan Rajahram, Ahneez Abdul Hameed, Jayaram Menon, Timothy William, Paul Anantharajah Tambyah and Tsin Wen Yeo

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:188

    Published on: 4 March 2017

  8. Research article

    Efficacy and safety of de-escalation therapy to ertapenem for treatment of infections caused by extended-spectrum-β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae: an open-label randomized controlled trial

    Carbapenem antibiotics are considered the treatment of choice for serious extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) infections. The study objectives were to evaluate effica...

    Pinyo Rattanaumpawan, Peerawong Werarak, Anupop Jitmuang, Pattarachai Kiratisin and Visanu Thamlikitkul

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:183

    Published on: 1 March 2017

  9. Research article

    First report on bla NDM-1-producing Acinetobacter baumannii in three clinical isolates from Ethiopia

    Multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacterial infections are recognized as one of the major threats to global health. In this study, we describe for the first time bla NDM-1 gene carrying...

    Michael Pritsch, Ahmed Zeynudin, Maxim Messerer, Simon Baumer, Gabriele Liegl, Soeren Schubert, Thomas Löscher, Michael Hoelscher, Tefara Belachew, Andrea Rachow and Andreas Wieser

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:180

    Published on: 1 March 2017

  10. Research article

    Effect of prior receipt of antibiotics on the pathogen distribution and antibiotic resistance profile of key Gram-negative pathogens among patients with hospital-onset urinary tract infections

    This retrospective cohort study characterized the impact of prior antibiotic exposure on distribution and nonsusceptibility profiles of Gram-negative pathogens causing hospital-onset urinary tract infections (...

    Monique R. Bidell, Melissa Palchak Opraseuth, Min Yoon, John Mohr and Thomas P. Lodise

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:176

    Published on: 28 February 2017

  11. Research article

    Factors influencing mortality in abdominal solid organ transplant recipients with multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteremia

    Although multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-negative bacteremia (GNB) has been recognized as an important cause of morbidity and mortality among abdominal solid organ transplant (ASOT) recipients, there are no dat...

    Bingbing Qiao, Jianzhen Wu, Qiquan Wan, Sheng zhang and Qifa Ye

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:171

    Published on: 27 February 2017

  12. Research article

    A controlled survey of less typical long-term consequences after an extensive waterborne epidemic

    Extensive backflow of treated wastewater caused household water contamination in a Finnish town in 2007. The drinking water of 9 500 residents became heavily polluted with faecal microbes, resulting in a large...

    Janne Laine, Outi Laine, Jukka Lumio, Jaakko Antonen, Salla Toikkanen, Mikko J. Virtanen and Markku Kuusi

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:161

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  13. Research article

    Comparison of methods for identifying causative bacterial microorganisms in presumed acute endophthalmitis: conventional culture, blood culture, and PCR

    Identification of bacterial pathogens in endophthalmitis is important to inform antibiotic selection and treatment decisions. Hemoculture bottles and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis have been proposed...

    Pear Pongsachareonnont, Worawalun Honglertnapakul and Tanittha Chatsuwan

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:165

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  14. Research article

    Genetic Characterization of Vibrio cholerae O1 isolates from outbreaks between 2011 and 2015 in Tanzania

    Cholera outbreaks have occurred in Tanzania since 1974. To date, the genetic epidemiology of these outbreaks has not been assessed.

    Yazid Kachwamba, A. A. Mohammed, H. Lukupulo, L. Urio, M. Majigo, F. Mosha, M. Matonya, R. Kishimba, J. Mghamba, J. Lusekelo, S. Nyanga, M. Almeida, S. Li, D. Domman, S.Y. Massele and O. C. Stine

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:157

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  15. Research article

    Empiric treatment against invasive fungal diseases in febrile neutropenic patients: a systematic review and network meta-analysis

    The most optimal antifungal agent for empiric treatment of invasive fungal diseases (IFDs) in febrile neutropenia is controversial. Our objective was evaluate the relative efficacy of antifungals for all-cause...

    Ken Chen, Qi Wang, Roy A. Pleasants, Long Ge, Wei Liu, Kangning Peng and Suodi Zhai

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:159

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  16. Research article

    A screening program to test and treat for Helicobacter pylori infection: Cost-utility analysis by age, sex and ethnicity

    The World Health Organization recommends all countries consider screening for H. pylori to prevent gastric cancer. We therefore aimed to estimate the cost-effectiveness of a H. pylori serology-based screening pro...

    Andrea M. Teng, Giorgi Kvizhinadze, Nisha Nair, Melissa McLeod, Nick Wilson and Tony Blakely

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:156

    Published on: 20 February 2017

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