Bacterial and fungal diseases

Section edited by Ivan FN Hung and Jorge Garbino

This section aims to publish studies looking at all aspects of the prevention, diagnosis and management of bacterial and fungal diseases in humans, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology. This section includes studies relating to antibiotic resistance and healthcare-associated infections.

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  1. Research article

    A controlled survey of less typical long-term consequences after an extensive waterborne epidemic

    Extensive backflow of treated wastewater caused household water contamination in a Finnish town in 2007. The drinking water of 9 500 residents became heavily polluted with faecal microbes, resulting in a large...

    Janne Laine, Outi Laine, Jukka Lumio, Jaakko Antonen, Salla Toikkanen, Mikko J. Virtanen and Markku Kuusi

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:161

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  2. Research article

    Comparison of methods for identifying causative bacterial microorganisms in presumed acute endophthalmitis: conventional culture, blood culture, and PCR

    Identification of bacterial pathogens in endophthalmitis is important to inform antibiotic selection and treatment decisions. Hemoculture bottles and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis have been proposed...

    Pear Pongsachareonnont, Worawalun Honglertnapakul and Tanittha Chatsuwan

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:165

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  3. Research article

    Genetic Characterization of Vibrio cholerae O1 isolates from outbreaks between 2011 and 2015 in Tanzania

    Cholera outbreaks have occurred in Tanzania since 1974. To date, the genetic epidemiology of these outbreaks has not been assessed.

    Yazid Kachwamba, A. A. Mohammed, H. Lukupulo, L. Urio, M. Majigo, F. Mosha, M. Matonya, R. Kishimba, J. Mghamba, J. Lusekelo, S. Nyanga, M. Almeida, S. Li, D. Domman, S.Y. Massele and O. C. Stine

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:157

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  4. Research article

    Empiric treatment against invasive fungal diseases in febrile neutropenic patients: a systematic review and network meta-analysis

    The most optimal antifungal agent for empiric treatment of invasive fungal diseases (IFDs) in febrile neutropenia is controversial. Our objective was evaluate the relative efficacy of antifungals for all-cause...

    Ken Chen, Qi Wang, Roy A. Pleasants, Long Ge, Wei Liu, Kangning Peng and Suodi Zhai

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:159

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  5. Research article

    A screening program to test and treat for Helicobacter pylori infection: Cost-utility analysis by age, sex and ethnicity

    The World Health Organization recommends all countries consider screening for H. pylori to prevent gastric cancer. We therefore aimed to estimate the cost-effectiveness of a H. pylori serology-based screening pro...

    Andrea M. Teng, Giorgi Kvizhinadze, Nisha Nair, Melissa McLeod, Nick Wilson and Tony Blakely

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:156

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  6. Case report

    Zoonotic necrotizing myositis caused by Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus in a farmer

    Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus is a beta-hemolytic group C streptococcus mainly causing infections in domesticated animals. Here we describe the first case of zoonotic necroti...

    Bård Reiakvam Kittang, Veronika Kuchařová Pettersen, Oddvar Oppegaard, Dag Harald Skutlaberg, Håvard Dale, Harald G. Wiker and Steinar Skrede

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:147

    Published on: 15 February 2017

  7. Research article

    Procalcitonin for infections in the first week after pediatric liver transplantation

    Procalcitonin (PCT) has become a commonly used serum inflammatory marker. Our aim was to describe the kinetics and usefulness of serial post-operative PCT measurements to detect bacterial infection in a cohort...

    Vladimir L. Cousin, Kalinka Lambert, Shahar Trabelsi, Annick Galetto-Lacour, Klara M. Posfay-Barbe, Barbara E. Wildhaber and Valérie A. McLin

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:149

    Published on: 15 February 2017

  8. Technical advance

    Proposed phase 2/ step 2 in-vitro test on basis of EN 14561 for standardised testing of the wound antiseptics PVP-iodine, chlorhexidine digluconate, polihexanide and octenidine dihydrochloride

    Currently, there is no agreed standard for exploring the antimicrobial activity of wound antiseptics in a phase 2/ step 2 test protocol. In the present study, a standardised in-vitro test is proposed, which al...

    Kathrin Schedler, Ojan Assadian, Uta Brautferger, Gerald Müller, Torsten Koburger, Simon Classen and Axel Kramer

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:143

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  9. Research article

    Prevalence and clinical presentation of Rickettsia, Coxiella, Leptospira, Bartonella and chikungunya virus infections among hospital-based febrile patients from December 2008 to November 2009 in Bangladesh

    We conducted a study to identify Rickettsia, Coxiella, Leptospira, Bartonella, and Chikungunya virus infections among febrile patients presenting at hospitals in Bangladesh.

    Labib Imran Faruque, Rashid Uz Zaman, Emily S. Gurley, Robert F. Massung, A. S. M. Alamgir, Renee L. Galloway, Ann M. Powers, Ying Bai, Michael Kosoy, William L. Nicholson, Mahmudur Rahman and Stephen P. Luby

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:141

    Published on: 13 February 2017

  10. Case report

    Phanerochaete sordida as a cause of pulmonary nodule in an immunocompromised patient: a case report

    Phanerochaete sordida is a species of wood rotting fungus, which can degrade lignin, cellulose and hemicellulose contained in wood and other hard-to-biodegrade organic substances. Howe...

    Naoki Watanabe, Kiyofumi Ohkusu, Masaya Okuda, Osamu Imataki, Tomoya Ishii, Kiyoshi Negayama, Akira Tadokoro, Nobuyuki Kita, Takehiro Takagi, Nobuhiro Kanaji, Norimitsu Kadowaki and Shuji Bandoh

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:135

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  11. Research article

    Extended spectrum beta lactamase producing organisms causing urinary tract infections in Sri Lanka and their antibiotic susceptibility pattern –A hospital based cross sectional study

    Extended Spectrum Beta- Lactamase producing organisms causing urinary tract infections (ESBL-UTI) are increasing in incidence and pose a major burden to health care. While ESBL producing Klebsiella species see...

    M. M. P. S. C. Fernando, W. A. N. V. Luke, J. K. N. D. Miththinda, R. D. S. S. Wickramasinghe, B. S. Sebastiampillai, M. P. M. L. Gunathilake, F. H. D. S. Silva and R. Premaratna

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:138

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  12. Research article

    Pneumococcal carriage among HIV infected children in Accra, Ghana

    Pneumococcal carriage is the precursor for development of pneumococcal disease, and is also responsible for transmission of the organism from person-to-person. In Africa, little is known about the pneumococcus...

    Eric S. Donkor, Jennifer A. Annan, Ebenezer V. Badoe, Nicholas T. K. D. Dayie, Appiah-Korang Labi and Hans-Christian Slotved

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:133

    Published on: 8 February 2017

  13. Research article

    Risk factors for excessively prolonged meropenem use in the intensive care setting: a case-control study

    Inappropriate use of broad-spectrum antimicrobials affects adversely both the individual patient and the general public. The aim of the study was to identify patients at risk for excessively prolonged carbapen...

    Juri Katchanov, Benno Kreuels, Florian P. Maurer, Kai Wöstmann, Johannes Jochum, Christina König, Kariem Seoudy, Holger Rohde, Ansgar W. Lohse, Dominic Wichmann, Michael Baehr, Camilla Rothe and Stefan Kluge

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:131

    Published on: 8 February 2017

  14. Research article

    Impact of appropriate empirical antibiotic treatment on recurrence and mortality in patients with bacteraemia: a population-based cohort study

    Data on the impact of empirical antibiotic treatment (EAT) on patient outcome in a population-based setting are sparse. We assessed the association between EAT and the risk of recurrence within one year, short...

    Kim O. Gradel, Ulrich S. Jensen, Henrik C. Schønheyder, Christian Østergaard, Jenny D. Knudsen, Sonja Wehberg and Mette Søgaard

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:122

    Published on: 6 February 2017

  15. Research article

    Trends in antimicrobial resistance and empiric antibiotic therapy of bloodstream infections at a general hospital in Mid-Norway: a prospective observational study

    The occurrence of bloodstream infection (BSI) and antimicrobial resistance have been increasing in many countries. We studied trends in antimicrobial resistance and empiric antibiotic therapy at a medium-sized...

    Arne Mehl, Bjørn Olav Åsvold, Angela Kümmel, Stian Lydersen, Julie Paulsen, Ingvild Haugan, Erik Solligård, Jan Kristian Damås, Stig Harthug and Tom-Harald Edna

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:116

    Published on: 2 February 2017

  16. Research article

    Identification and antimicrobial resistance patterns of bacterial enteropathogens from children aged 0–59 months at the University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia: a prospective cross sectional study

    Bacterial diarrhoeal disease is among the most common causes of mortality and morbidity in children 0–59 months at the University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, Zambia. However, most cases are treated empiricall...

    Harriet Chiyangi, John B. Muma, Sydney Malama, Joel Manyahi, Ahmed Abade, Geoffrey Kwenda and Mecky I. Matee

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:117

    Published on: 2 February 2017

  17. Research article

    Emergence and spread of a new community-genotype methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clone in Colombia

    Community-genotype methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CG-MRSA) clones are a global concern due to their resistance and increased virulence and their ability to cause infections both hospitalized patient...

    Javier Escobar-Perez, Niradiz Reyes, Ricaurte Alejandro Marquez-Ortiz, Juan Rebollo, Hernando Pinzón, Catalina Tovar, Jaime Moreno-Castañeda, Zayda Lorena Corredor, Betsy Esperanza Castro, Maria Victoria Moncada and Natasha Vanegas

    BMC Infectious Diseases 2017 17:108

    Published on: 31 January 2017

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